MSC Cruises has pledged to achieve net zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in its cruise ship operations by 2050.
This target, which will cover both the contemporary MSC Cruises and luxury Explora Journeys brands, sets the company on a race to help accelerate the necessary technological and fuel developments required, MSC said.
This target goes beyond the IMO’s ambition to reduce emissions from shipping by 50% by 2050, compared to 2008, the cruise ship operator claimed.
MSC has signed a ‘Getting to Zero Coalition’s Call to Action’ to accelerate the de-carbonisation of the overall shipping sector, including cruising.
This ‘Call to Action’ includes three demands:
– Setting a target for zero emission shipping by 2050.
– Deploying commercially viable zero emission vessels by 2030.
– Joint action by the private and public sectors.
The ‘Call to Action’ will be delivered to world governments in November, 2021, in advance of COP26 to be held in Glasgow.
Pierfrancesco Vago, MSC Cruises’ Executive Chairman (pictured), said: “As a family business with over 300 years of maritime heritage, we have always felt a deep responsibility towards our marine environment and our planet.
“We are taking our commitment one step further by embracing a net zero emissions future within the next three decades. We will achieve this by investing in and otherwise supporting the accelerated development and implementation of innovative, cutting-edge technologies to be deployed across our fleet, continuously raising the bar of environmental performance and leading our industry forward.
“Collaboration between operators, shipyards, technology manufacturers, academic institutions, public authorities and governments will be essential. There are already encouraging signs of such partnerships enabling progress, but more can and must be done.
“I call on all parties to work relentlessly towards this end and bring about the next great energy transition in our industry,” he said.
In recent years, the company said that it had focused on reducing GHG emissions intensity though the introduction of energy efficiency and operational improvement measures across its fleet.
Having introduced an annual efficiency improvement of 2-4% across the fleet, by 2019 the company had achieved a 28% efficiency improvement, compared to 2008 and is well on track to meeting the IMO’s 2030 intensity reduction target of 40%, MSC claimed.
Looking ahead, energy efficiency improvements and operational measures alone will not be enough to put the shipping sector on a de-carbonisation course and for this reason MSC Cruise Division is actively helping accelerate the significant technological evolution that is required.
For example, the company is taking part in several industry research projects aimed at developing the technologies and fuels that offer a potential for zero-emissions ships.
Hydrogen powered vessels: MSC Cruises recently entered into a partnership with shipbuilder Fincantieri and energy infrastructure company Snam to jointly determine the conditions for the design and construction of what could become the world’s first oceangoing hybrid hydrogen/LNG-powered cruise ship, which would allow for zero-emissions operations in certain areas.
These include arranging ship spaces to accommodate the necessary hydrogen technologies and fuel cells, identifying the technical parameters of on board systems, calculating the potential GHG savings, and a technical and economic analysis of hydrogen supply and shore-based infrastructure.
Fuel Cells on LNG-powered vessels: Fuel cells offer great potential to achieve meaningful reductions. Having ordered three ships that will run on LNG, a transitional fuel that offers up to 21% less GHG, MSC is studying the integration of fuel cells as a means to achieve further reductions.
In 2019, the MSC Cruise Division and Chantiers de l’Atlantique unveiled ‘Blue Horizon’, an R&D project that focuses on the integration of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology on LNG-powered cruise ships.
Retrofitting fuel cell technology: MSC Cruises has also joined a consortium involving GE Power Conversion, Lloyd’s Register (LR) and Ceres Power Holdings to explore how to address the barriers to adoption of fuel cells in large ship applications.
It will examine how SOFCs can be integrated into a ship’s operational functionality, including the existing power and propulsion architecture and layout, allowing the impact of using SOFC technology to be quantified in terms of overall emissions reduction.
The project has been awarded funding as part of the UK Department for Transport’s Clean Maritime Demonstration Competition.
Low carbon technologies and ship design: The Cruise Division is also partnering with industry leaders and academia in a research project that promotes low-carbon shipping by combining progressive energy technologies and innovative ship design. Led by the University of Vaasa, the CHEK Consortium – deCarbonising sHipping by enabling Key Technology symbiosis on real vessels concept designs project – involves the World Maritime University, Wärtsilä, Cargill and LR, among others.
With this and other future projects, MSC will continue to work towards a net zero emissions future for itself and the entire cruise industry, the company said.