Carnival’s greenhouse gas intensity reduction schedule on track

2024-02-13T21:31:38+00:00 February 13th, 2024|Environment|

Carnival Corp claimed that it is on track to achieve an overall 18% reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emission intensity on a lower berth capacity basis in 2024, compared to 2019.

This is just a couple of points off its 20% reduction goal originally targeted for 2030.

By the end of this year, the company expects to have reduced its GHG emission intensity by 42% on a lower berth capacity basis since its first benchmark in 2008.

Carnival also claimed that it expects this performance to put it ahead of the IMO’s 2030 carbon intensity reduction timeline.

This announcement follows the company’s decision last year to accelerate its 2030 GHG intensity reduction target by four years, committing to at least a 20% cut on a lower berth capacity basis by 2026, versus 2019 levels.

Thanks to its aggressive, longstanding, and ongoing actions to be more energy efficient, reduce overall fuel use, and operate using emission-reducing technologies and lower-emission fuels, Carnival Corp claimed it is producing 10+% less total GHG emissions today than its peak historical year of 2011, despite increasing capacity by roughly 30% since then.

Carnival Corp explained that it is executing on two parallel paths to achieve the reductions.

First, the company recognises that using less fuel is the fastest way to reduce GHG emissions and make a tangible impact. Since cruise ships generate their electricity from fuel, Carnival Corp set out to uncover every area where energy can be saved and cut the amount of fuel used.

As a result, the company has implemented several fuel- and energy-saving innovations and continues to invest in improvements to drive further reductions.

These include:

  • Upgrading the fleet with innovative technology packages, including modern and efficient HVAC systems, state-of-the-art LED and smart lighting technologies, remote monitoring improvements and more to reduce fuel usage by 5-10% per ship.
  • Optimising hull design and special coatings to minimise drag for greater fuel efficiency.
  • Developing more energy-efficient itineraries, fine-tuning hydrodynamics, and using ocean currents and techniques, such as weather routing and speed reduction where possible.
  • Using shoreside electric power capabilities when available in port – over 60% of the company’s ships are equipped to switch off their engines and ‘plug in’ to local power grids while berthed to reduce emissions and noise in port.
  • Installing air lubrication systems (ALS) to help ships glide on a cushion of air bubbles with less friction, reducing fuel use for propulsion by up to 5%.

Second, lacking zero-emission fuels broadly available to the maritime industry and with fossil fuels as the only viable option at scale today, the company has continued to look for ways to lower GHG and other emissions from the fuel already used, while also pioneering lower-emission alternatives and actively exploring new technologies to power its ships, including:

  • Leading the industry with nine LNG-capable ships in service and two more on order. This is delivering immediate GHG reductions, reducing direct carbon emissions by up to 20%, almost eliminating sulphur dioxides and significantly reducing emissions of nitrogen oxides and particulate matter.
  • Improving air emissions with advanced air quality systems to ‘scrub’ particulate matter and other compounds from ships’ exhaust.
  • Trialling advanced fuel technologies, including a first-of-its-kind lithium-ion battery storage system, testing fuel cells powered by hydrogen derived from methanol and leading the industry in piloting biofuels as a fossil fuel replacement.

Overall, the company continues to invest significantly in its deep-rooted commitment to protecting its communities, vibrant marine ecosystems, and scenic spaces.

This includes ongoing reductions in GHG emissions from its operations and its strategy to pursue net zero emissions from ship operations by 2050, as part of its long-term sustainability vision and commitment to leading the way in sustainable cruising, Carnival concluded.